Photograph of a child's toy box with toys surrounding it. Wording to the left reads 'Don't let measles, mumps and rubella into your child's world'

Greater than one in ten eligible kids beneath the age of 5 in England haven’t had the MMR vaccine or are solely partially vaccinated.

This leaves these kids unprotected and will increase the chance of measles outbreaks occurring in nurseries and faculties. We’re reminding dad and mom and guardians to make sure their kids are protected by taking over two doses of the MMR vaccine on the proper time.

For the reason that begin of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, there was a major drop within the variety of dad and mom and carers getting their kids vaccinated in opposition to MMR and taking over different childhood vaccines.

Measles is very contagious so even a small decline in MMR uptake can result in an increase in circumstances.  As worldwide journey resumes, there’s extra likelihood for measles to be introduced in from international locations the place it is not uncommon. Catching-up kids who missed out on their MMR vaccines in the course of the pandemic is a precedence, in an effort to assist stop an increase in measles circumstances.

Vaccinations stay one of the best defence in opposition to an infection, so it is vitally necessary that kids attend their routine vaccination appointments and make amends for any they might have missed. You may see the NHS vaccination schedule right here.

What’s measles and why is it so necessary we’re all updated with our MMR vaccine?

Measles is a really contagious viral sickness that was once frequent in childhood however is now uncommon because of the MMR vaccination programme.

Whenever you catch it, at first it might really feel like you could have a chilly with a runny nostril and a cough, sore purple eyes (conjunctivitis) and a fever, however that is adopted a number of days later by a rash that spreads all around the physique. Most individuals will really feel higher after 7 to 10 days, nevertheless measles can result in issues comparable to ear and chest infections, matches and diarrhoea and dehydration in youthful kids. On uncommon events measles may also result in an infection of the liner of the mind and spinal wire (meningitis) or mind itself (encephalitis) which might result in long run disabilities and even demise.

What’s the MMR vaccine?

The MMR vaccine protects in opposition to 3 infections – measles, mumps and rubella. These are viral infections that may shortly unfold to non-immune kids and adults who haven’t had their vaccinations or been beforehand contaminated.

The primary MMR dose is obtainable to infants once they flip one and the second dose to pre-school kids when they’re round three years and 4 months previous.

Why are two doses of MMR vaccine wanted?

The MMR vaccine is the most secure and best option to shield your self in opposition to measles, mumps and rubella Over 99% of those that have two doses of the MMR vaccine shall be protected in opposition to measles and rubella. Though mumps safety is barely decrease, circumstances in vaccinated individuals are a lot much less extreme.

For the reason that MMR vaccine was launched in 1988, these situations have turn into uncommon within the UK. Nevertheless, outbreaks of illness, particularly measles, have occurred when the variety of individuals having the vaccine has dropped.

Is measles a menace outdoors of the UK?

For the reason that introduction of the measles vaccine in 1968, 20 million measles circumstances and 4,500 deaths have been prevented within the UK. Nevertheless, international locations all over the world with low MMR vaccine uptake proceed to expertise massive measles outbreaks and epidemics.

It’s particularly necessary to verify you might be updated along with your two doses of MMR earlier than you journey.  Not solely wouldn’t it be disagreeable to turn into sick while overseas, however it’s possible you’ll danger bringing the an infection again with you and exposing your loved ones and buddies.

When ought to older kids and adults have the MMR vaccine?

Anybody who has not had 2 doses of the MMR vaccine can contact their GP surgical procedure to e book an appointment. It’s by no means too late to catch-up.

It is necessary to verify you’ve got had each doses in the event you:

  • are about to start out school or college
  • are going to journey overseas
  • are planning a being pregnant
  • are a frontline well being or social care employee

What are the negative effects from the MMR vaccine?

The MMR vaccine has been safely defending kids for a few years in lots of international locations worldwide. Within the UK, thousands and thousands of doses have been given because it was launched in 1988. Earlier than vaccines can be utilized, they should be completely examined for security. Though there could also be some negative effects from vaccination, they’re often delicate and far much less extreme than the illness itself. Severe reactions following vaccination are uncommon.

Widespread negative effects can embrace:

  • the world the place the needle goes in trying purple, swollen and feeling sore for two to three days.
  • round 7 to 11 days after the injection, infants or younger kids could really feel a bit unwell or develop a excessive temperature for about 2 or 3 days.

Why ought to I or my kids have the MMR vaccine?

You must have the vaccine to guard your self in opposition to three severe infections. By doing so additionally, you will assist to guard others who can’t have the vaccine. These embrace unborn infants, infants who’re too younger to have the vaccine and kids/ adults who can’t have the vaccine as a result of they’ve weakened immune techniques.

It will assist to forestall massive outbreaks of illness. You must also have the vaccine in the event you work with younger kids or look after individuals as a part of your work. Passing on measles to kids who’re too younger to have MMR vaccine or to somebody who’s already sick, can have very severe penalties for his or her well being.

The place can I discover out extra concerning the measles, mumps and rubella and the MMR vaccine?

MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine – NHS (www.nhs.uk)

Measles – NHS (www.nhs.uk)

Mumps – NHS (www.nhs.uk)

Rubella (german measles) – NHS (www.nhs.uk)

MMR for all leaflet: https://www.gov.uk/authorities/publications/mmr-for-all-general-leaflet


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